Here is our pick for the 5 Most Powerful Female Figures in Black History. Black History Month as has been is an annual observance originating in the United States, where it is also known as African-American History Month.
Why is Black History Month Celebrated in February?
“February is Black History Month.” Since the 1970s that familiar declaration has introduced countless celebrations of African American history and achievement, from Black History Minutes on local television stations to the pronouncements of U.S. presidents, sometimes referring to the event as National Afro-American (Black) History Month or National African American History Month.
February however is notably the birth month of two figures who loom large in the black past: U.S. Pres. Abraham Lincoln (born February 12), who issued the Emancipation Proclamation, and African American abolitionist, author, and orator Frederick Douglass (born February 14). Since the deaths of Lincoln and Douglass (in 1865 and 1895, respectively), the black community had celebrated their contributions to African American liberation and civil rights on their birthdays.
5 Most Powerful Female Figures in Black History
These are exceptional group of women whose efforts led to the emancipation and liberation of the black race in America.
Rosa Parks is widely regarded as the First Lady of civil rights in her historic refusal to sit in the “coloured section” of the public bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This was hugely defended by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The incidence led to the boycott of the public bus for a year long and emanated from a law suit against Rosa Parks which won. With her action that fuelled the boycott, she was fired from her job. The boycott ended after she won her court case but nonetheless never got off the hook from death threats for years. AFROSAGES salutes her sacrifice and counts her in high regard for the 5 Most Powerful Female Figures in Black History.
15 year old Claudette Colvin refused to give her bus seat to a white woman and this happened before there was a Rosa Parks. Claudette Colvin was under age and due to her condition as being pregnant the NAACP would not use her case to challenge the lawsuit in the Rosa Parks’ Montgomery Segregation laws issue. To put it. The action by Colvin cost her getting a job and a host of personal difficulties she went through a lighter sentence from the courts.
Shirley Chisholm became the first black woman to participate in a presidential debate due to being the first black woman to be a presidential candidate in 1972. Prior to this feat she was the first black Congress woman that represented New York’s 12th Congregational District.
Bessie Coleman was the first African-American and Native American to earn a pilot’s licence in an era where only males were allowed to fly airplanes. She was schooled in France since she was not able to afford the tuition fees in the US. After graduation she came back and was only allowed to pilot for air shows until her timely and tragic end trying a new aircraft in 1926.
Though Mae Jemison was not the first American astronaut she was a physician and chemical engineer. In the course of her career, she spent a good time in Liberia with the Peace Corps before applying to be an astronaut. She was selected in 1989 by NASA’s STS-47 Mission for which she spent 8 days in space in 1992. Most people cite Sally Ride to be her inspiration for going to Space.
Former US President Barak Obama lauded her the “godmother of women’s movement.” Monumentally, her face is on the US forever stamp. With a degree in education and psychology, height devoted her life in fighting for the rights of black people. President Clinton awarded her Medal of Freedom whiles President Bush Jr. added to her accolades the Congressional Medal.
There are many more noteworthy contributors to the freedom of the black folks, the African American freedom till this day. Share with us who your favourite 5 Most Powerful Female Figures in Black History is.