In the season of Black Month History, we present to you 5 Historically Influential African-American Leaders. In American History, African-Americans worked extra hard to gain positions of power and be seen in the realms of leadership.
In the midst of all these struggles and fight for recognition and freedom, loads of them have been game-changing individuals who shaped America as Blacks.
5 Historically Influential African-American Leaders
Fred was on of the most important advocates for the abolition of slavery in the 19th Century. His literary works presented a rather complex and sophisticated descriptions and condemnations of America’s brutal system of slavery and inhumane activities against the black race. Fredrick’s writings were often noted as being historical, cultural and with religious underpinnings of slavery and racism and with an incredible honesty and detail. Fred used this extraordinary intellectual capacity to provide consultancy services to Abraham Lincoln and to support women’s rights.
Booker T. Washington
Booker was a key member of the black American communities between the years of 1895 and 1915. He was well invested in the need for black Americans to take up agriculture as a means to build wealth and become as powerful enough to wage the fight for equal rights.
This is a notable figure in the black fight liberation in America. Marcus was who is of American decent who journeyed through Central America and had spent some time in London. The Universal Negro Improvement Association was organised by Marcus Garvey with a focus on a global empowerment of people of African descent and at this time, Africa was under the ruthless hands of Western Colonial rule.
Garvey’s emphasis was for Africa to have pride in its heritage, employ economic self-sufficiency and the need for independence for all nations. In Harlem, New York is where Garvey would firmly establish his black nationalist movement.
Martin Luther King Jr.
This was a Christian minister and a strong advocate and leader of social justice whose belief was for non-violence, love, compassion and forgiveness – a clear opposite of Marcus Garvey. In the 1960s Martin Luther King Jr. organised powerful yet non-violent resistance movements in advocate for civil rights for the blacks. He was the force behind the infamous Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington. Near his dead, he was involved in anti-poverty advocacy and a force against the Vietnam was.
He died shot whiles standing on a metal balcony of Memphis, Tennessee, April 4, 1968 for which a certain James Earl Ray pleaded guilty for his murder. Many consider Martin King as one of the best out of 5 Historically Influential African-American Leaders that defined democracy in America till date and made major strides for blacks in politics.
Out of Omaha, Nebraska came Malcom X and an individual who condemned Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s employing of non-violent ways to fight for black nationalism. He called Martin Jr not bold enough to challenge the white supremacy and not with realistic ambitions in the fight for the blacks. Malcom was not a believe of turn the other check and forgiveness as preached by Dr. Martin in his Christian faith for he was a major player in the Nation of Islam Movement with was a combination of black nationalism and Islam to sell a unified ideology of resistance.
As is Black Month History, we celebrate these 5 Historically Influential African-American Leaders and would always remember them in the shaping of the history of America, Africa and the world at large. Ponder on these words of Martin Luther King Jr -” I’ve been to the MountainTop” – April 3, 1968, Memphis Tennessee.