Not ready to become a parent, then the best way to avoid getting pregnant is not to have sex. People who are sexually active and want to avoid pregnancy should be aware of their options.
Here Are 13 Different Ways To Avoid Getting Pregnant
How effective: 100%.
Except an angel appears to you and tells you’re the next in line to carry a child.
2. The Male Condoms:
A sheath of rubber used to cover the penis It blocks sperms from reaching the vagina.
How effective: 95%. But in actual use: 85%. Side Effects: Some people have a latex allergy.
3. Female Condoms:
Cheap also, but availability is not as common as the male condom, enters into the vagina and blocks sperms from reaching the womb.
Side Effects: allergies to latex. How Effective: About 79%
4. Cervical Cap:
A cap-like device that covers the cervix, can also be filled with spermicides(substances that kill sperms. The issue is that it had to be in for some hours after sex and some people can develop very serious reactions to the spermicide.
How Effective: 80%
As big as a match stick, it is implanted under the skin, but it’s a hormone. It affects the cervical mucus and affects ovulation. Lasts for 5 years.
How effective: 99%. Side Effects: Weight gain, Breasts tenderness, Pimple, Your periods may be irregular.
6. Copper IUD:
This is placed inside the womb, It prevents the fertilized egg from joining the womb. Can be used for up to 10 years.
How effective? 99%. Side Effects: Cramps, Spotting, Sometimes can go missing in the womb.
7. Hormonal IUD:
Same as 6 above, the only difference is this one has a hormone that also blocks ovulation and makes cervical mucus thick.
How Effective: 99+%. Side Effects: same as 6 above plus irregular periods.
8. Contraceptive Pills (combined):
You take this one every day, and it also helps to block the cervix by increasing the mucus production and blocking ovulation It can also reduce the menstrual symptoms.
How effective: 91%. It can reduce your risk of ovarian cancer.
9. Hormonal Injection:
Injected into the muscle and released slowly. Used every 3 months, works like the implant.
How effective: 98%. Some side effects: Irregular periods, Nausea, Breast tenderness etc.
10. Emergency Pills:
These are the ones commonly know as Postinor. Works for up to 72 hours after unprotected sex.
How Effective: It drops as time passes, can be as high as 98% in the first 24 hours. Not to be taken often, if you need to use it more often, use a more permanent method.
11. Bilateral Tubal Ligation & Hysterectomy:
They remove the womb or tie the tubes that bring the egg to the womb. How Effective: 99+% .Side effects: Ectopic pregnancy for some people. Mood changes, depression, etc.
The tubes that bring sperm into the penis is cut, meaning no sperms…
How Effective: 99+%. Side effects: You can only start having unprotected sex after three months after they have verified that there is no sperm in your ejaculate.
13. Natural Method:
Here the couple keeps track of the fertile days of the woman, and avoid sex on those days and about 5 days leading to those days. She can also measure her basal body temperature method as well as cervical mucus. They can be difficult to use correctly.
Please bear in mind that this article is not exhaustive. Only bears the salient points. For more information on which is best for you. Visit your doctor for a consultation. What may work for you, might not work for another. #WorldContraceptionDay
Credit: Aproko Doctor